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Article

  • Title

    AN INDIVIDUAL MASK CREATION USING THE INFORMATION MODEL

  • Authors

    Tigarev V. М.
    Barchanova Yulia S.
    Prokopovich Igor V.
    Lopakov А. S.
    Vinokurov R.

  • Subject

    CHEMISTRY. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

  • Year 2021
    Issue 1(63)
    UDC 004.94 : 617.581
    DOI 10.15276/opu.1.63.2021.10
    Pages 95-105
  • Abstract

    The development of individual respiratory protection (masks) during a coronavirus pandemic is relevant. Modern technologies of design and manufacture allow creating masks taking into account individual anatomical features of the person. The paper considers different types of construction of protective masks. It is necessary to create masks taking into account the anatomical features of the person. To address this issue, various countries are holding competitions to create a new generation of masks, such as the Mask Innovation Challenge in the United States. We offer creation of a protective mask with use of modern computer technologies on the basis of information model. The general approach and an option of practical realization of creation of a mask taking into account individual features of the person are considered. The information model has 5 main stages of creating a protective mask. To create a model of the human head, the method of photogrammetry is used, when its three-dimensional model is formed from two-dimensional photographs. On the surface of the head model in the program Autodesk 3DS Max created the basis of the mask frame using retopology technology. Then a three-dimensional solid model of the mask frame was developed, which was tested for mechanical loads when changing facial expressions. The creation of a solid model of the mask frame and simulation of mechanical loads were carried out in the program Autodesk Fusion 360. Fabrication of the supporting frame of the mask using additive technology is simulated. As a result, a mask is created using a replaceable multilayer filter. A further development of the work is the design of a reusable mask using different types of filters.

  • Keywords mask frame, information model, solid model
  • Viewed: 12 Dowloaded: 2
  • Download Article
  • References

    Література

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    7. Moscow Daily News, Правительство США заплатит $500 тыс. за разработку защитной, «менее раздражающей маски» для лица. URL: https://www.mn.ru/smart/pravitelstvo-ssha-zaplatit-500-tysza-razrabotku-zashhitnoj-menee-razdrazhayushhej-maski-dlya-licza. (дата звернення: 23.05.2021).

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    9. Reverse Engineering Based on Information Model / Tigariev V., Salii V., Rybak O., Barchanova Y., Lopakov O. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. 2021. P. 217–226. DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-68014-5_22.

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    15. Head Modeling with 3dsmax. URL: https://3dtotal.com/tutorials/t/head-modeling-with-3dsmax-haticebayramoglu-character-human-face. (дата звернення: 23.04.2021).

    16. Retopology of human face in 3d coat, texture clean up in photoshop URL: https://www.cgtrader.com/tutorials/3843-retopology-of-human-face-in-3d-coat-texture-clean-up-inphotoshop. (дата звернення: 23.04.2021).

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    References

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    2. Medical masks: history of origin and scope of application. Retrieved from https://alliancesales. ru/blog/tekhnologii/meditsinskie-maski-istoriya-vozniknoveniya-i-sfery-primeneniya/. (Last access 19.04.2021).

    3. Best face masks to wear: Doctors share their favorite masks. Retrieved from https://www.nbcnews.com/shopping/apparel/best-face-masks-doctors-n1257689. (Last access 19.04.2021).

    4. N95 Respirators, Surgical & Face Masks. Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/medicaldevices/personal-protective-equipment-infection-control/n95-respirators-surgical-masks-and-facemasks. (Last access 19.04.2021).

    5. N. Lakicevic, G. DʼAntona, A Paoli, A. Bianco, N. Maksimovic, S. Ostojic, & P. Drid. (2021). Behind the mask: Rethinking the use of face masks while exercising. Science & Sports. DOI: 10.1016/j.scispo.2021.02.003.

    6. Mask Innovation Challenge. An official website of the United States government. 2021. Retrieved from https:// www.challenge.gov/challenge/mask-innovation-challenge/. (Last access 19.04.2021).

    7. Moscow Daily News, The US government will pay $ 500 thousand to develop a protective, "less annoying mask" for the face. Retrieved from https://www.mn.ru/smart/pravitelstvo-ssha-zaplatit-500-tys-zarazrabotku-zashhitnoj-menee-razdrazhayushhej-maski-dlya-licza. (Last access 23.04.2021).

    8. Tigariev, V., Tonkonogyi, V., Salii, V., Klimenko, S., & Dovhan, A. (2020). Designing in modern cad using information model. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, 331–341. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-40724-7_34/.

    9. Tigariev, V., Salii, V., Rybak, O., Barchanova, Y., & Lopakov, O. (2021). Reverse Engineering Based on Information Model. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, 217–226. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030- 68014-5_22.

    10. Wagner, G. (2018). Information and Process Modeling for Simulation. Journal of Simulation Engineering, 1(1), 1–25. Retrieved from: https://jsime.org/index.php/jsimeng/article/view/2.

    11. A. Zavtur, N. Grishina, & Yu. Chaly. (2016). Three-dimensional photogrammetry, or from photography to 3D-model. CAD and graphics 2` sapr. Retrieved from: https://sapr.ru/article/25136.

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    14. What is retopology. Retrieved from: https://lookinar.com/ru/education-ru/chto-takoe-retopologyya/. (Last access 23.04.2021).

    15. Head Modeling with 3dsmax. Retrieved from: https://3dtotal.com/tutorials/t/head-modeling-with- 3dsmax-hatice-bayramoglu-character-human-face. (Last access 23.04.2021).

    16. Retopology of human face in 3d coat, texture clean up in photoshop. Retrieved from: https://www.cgtrader.com/tutorials/3843-retopology-of-human-face-in-3d-coat-texture-clean-up-inphotoshop. (Last access 23.04.2021).

    17. Kamonichkin, D.T. (2018). 3D printing of surgical templates. Site of the center for additive manufacturing.. 15 March. Retrieved from: https://studia3d.com/hirurgshablon/.

    18. Sergeev, A.N. (2017). 3D printers in medicine - a field of application and prospects for the development of printing. April. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedebatecom/3d-printery-v-meditsine-oblastprimeneniya-i-perspektivy-razvitiya-pechati/.

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