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Article

  • Title

    ANALYSIS OF THE REVERSING MECHANISM OF LIGHT INDUSTRY EQUIPMENT

  • Authors

    Koshel G.
    Koshel S.

  • Subject

    MACHINE BUILDING. PROCESS METALLURGY. MATERIALS SCIENCE

  • Year 2021
    Issue 1(63)
    UDC 621.01
    DOI 10.15276/opu.1.63.2021.04
    Pages 38-43
  • Abstract

    To create reliable and highly efficient, en- ergy-saving machines for light industry, it is necessary to study the dynamic processes of movement of the links of the mechanisms of which they are composed. Especially such studies should be given attention for machines, the mechanisms of which have a cyclic nature of action. During the execution of a technological operation in light industry machines with a periodic cyclic movement of the working bodies, an uneven movement of the main shaft occurs. This is caused by the movement of the links of the mechanism with certain accelerations and taking into account the periodic nature of the action of technological loads, which vary in magnitude and direction. The uneven nature of the movement leads to the appearance of additional loads in the kinematic pairs of mechanisms, mechanical vibrations in the mechanical trans- mission systems of motion, leads to the appearance of vibrations and violations in the positioning of the working bodies, affects the techno- logical process of the equipment. Uniform and stable tension of the threads is the key to a high-quality performance of the loop formation process in knitwear. Additional dynamic loads affect the technological tension of textile threads during equipment operation. These loads are caused by the accelerated movement of the links of the mechanism, which is especially important for technological equipment with the pres- ence of a reverse working stroke of its links. In such mechanisms, the values of the angular acceleration of the links and the linear accelera- tion of their individual points can acquire critically permissible values. It is possible to ensure the movement of the working bodies of the machine according to the law for which the tension of the threads will be optimally necessary. To do this, you need to choose the right type of mechanism that sets them in motion. The aim of the work is to conduct a structural-kinematic research of the mechanism of the reversible movement of the needle drum of a knitting machine, which will justify the selection of the required type of mechanism for such equipment. The confirmation of the improvement of the conditions for the formation of loops when knitting on a knitting machine with a reversible needle drum movement, made on the basis of a rocker mechanism, has been obtained.

  • Keywords reverse motion mechanism, kinematic research, angular acceleration, dynamic forces
  • Viewed: 21 Dowloaded: 4
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  • References

    Література

    1. The kinematic analysis of flat leverage mechanism of the third class / A. Zhauyt, G. Mamatova, G. Abdugalieva, K. Alipov, A. Sakenova, A. Alimbetov. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2017. Vol. 250. P. 1–6. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/250/1/012006.

    2. Tultayev B., Balbayev G., Zhauyt A. A kinematic analysis of flat leverage mechanism of the fourth class for manipulators. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2017. Vol. 230. P. 1–7. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/230/1/012047.

    3. Koshel S., Koshel А. Analysis of fourth-grade flat machines with movable close-cycle formed by the rods and two complex links. Праці Одеського політехнічного університету. 2016. №2 (49). Р. 9–13.

    4. Koshel S., Koshel А. Definition of accelerations of points of a plane mechanism of the fourth class by graph- analytical method. Праці Одеського політехнічного університету. 2018. №2 (55). Р. 28–33.

    5. Чашников Д.О., Гаряшин В.В. Кинематическое исследование плоского восьмизвенного механизма шестого класса с поступательной парой аналитическим методом. Успехи современного естествозна- ния. 2012. №6. С. 158–159.

    6. Vavro J., Vavro J. Jr., Kovačikova P., Bezbedova R. Kinematic and dynamic analysis of planar mechanisms by means of the Solid Works software. Procedia Engineering. 2017. Vol. 177. 476–481.

    7. I. A. S. Leharika and T. V. K. Bhanuprakash. Kinematic analysis of planar and spatial mechanisms using Mathpack. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology. 2018. 5(11). 416–421. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/659/1/012019.

    8. Дворжак В. М. Математичне моделювання механізмів швейних машин зі структурними групами тре- тього класу третього порядку з двома поступальними парами. Вісник Київського національного уні- верситету технологій та дизайну. Технічні науки. 2016. № 5. С. 99–108.

    9. Przytulski R., Zajaczkowski J. Kinematic analysis of the sewing mechanisms of an over edge machine. Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe. 2016. Vol. 14, Issue 1. P. 79–82.

    10. Roussev R., Bl. Paleva-Kadiyska. Determination of the kinematic features of the feed dog of mechanisms for transportation of material of the sewing machines. Journal of Textiles and clothing. 2015. Vol. 3. P. 58–63.

    11. Дворжак В. М. Комп’ютерне моделювання механізмів основов’язальних машин зі структурними гру- пами третього класу третього порядку з поступальними парами. Вісник Київського національного уні- верситету технологій та дизайну. Технічні науки. 2015. № 6. С. 37–46.

    References

    1. A. Zhauyt, G. Mamatova, G. Abdugalieva, K. Alipov, A. Sakenova, & A. Alimbetov. (2017). The kinematic analysis of flat leverage mechanism of the third class. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 250, 1–6. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/250/1/012006.

    2. B. Tultayev, G. Balbayev, & A. Zhauyt. (2017). A kinematic analysis of flat leverage mechanism of the fourth class for manipulators. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 230, 1–7. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/230/1/012047.

    3. Koshel, S., & Koshel, А. (2016). Analysis of fourth-grade flat machines with movable close-cycle formed by the rods and two complex links. Proceedings of Odessa Polytechnic University, 2 (49), 9–13.

    4. Koshel, S., & Koshel, А. (2018). Definition of accelerations of points of a plane mechanism of the fourth class by graph-analytical method. Proceedings of Odessa Polytechnic University, 2 (55), 28–33.

    5. Chashnikov, D.O., & Garyashin, V.V. (2012). Kinematic study of planar six sixth grade mechanism with sliding pair analytical method. Uspehi sovremennogo estestvoznaniya, 6, 158–159.

    6. Vavro, J. Jr. Vavro, P. Kovačikova, R. Bezbedova. (2017). Kinematic and dynamic analysis of planar mechanisms by means of the Solid Works software, Procedia Engineering, 177, 476–481.

    7. I. A. S. Leharika and T. V. K. Bhanuprakash. (2018). Kinematic analysis of planar and spatial mechanisms using Mathpack. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, 5(11), 416–421. DOI: 10.1088/1757-899X/659/1/012019.

    8. Dvorzhak, V. M. (2016). Mathematical modeling of sewing machines with structural groups of the third class of the third order with two translational pairs. Visnyk KNUTD. Tekhnichni nauky, 5, 99–108.

    9. Przytulski, R., & Zajaczkowski, J. (2016). Kinematic analysis of the sewing mechanisms of an over edge machine. Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe, 14, 1, 79–82.

    10. Roussev R., Bl. Paleva-Kadiyska. (2015). Determination of the kinematic features of the feed dog of mechanisms for transportation of material of the sewing machines. Journal of Textiles and clothing, 3, 58–63.

    11. Dvorzhak, V. M. (2015). Computer modeling of mechanisms of warp knitting machines with structural groups of the third class of the third order with translational pairs. Visnyk KNUTD. Tekhnichni nauky, 6, 37–46.

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