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Article

  • Title

    THE MOTION OF A PARTICLE ON A WAVY SURFACE DURING ITS TRANSLATIONAL CIRCULAR OSCILLATIONS IN HORIZONTAL PLANES

  • Authors

    Babka V.
    Pylypaka S.
    Volina T.

  • Subject

    MACHINE BUILDING. PROCESS METALLURGY. MATERIALS SCIENCE

  • Year 2021
    Issue 1(63)
    UDC 631.362:514.18
    DOI 10.15276/opu.1.63.2021.05
    Pages 44-52
  • Abstract

    The rough plane is a universal structural element of many machines and devices for sifting and separation of parts of technological material. The motion of particles on the horizontal plane, which performs oscillating rectilinear or circular motion, is the most studied. A wavy surface with a sinusoidal cross-sectional line as a working surface will significantly change the trajectories of their motion. The mathematical description of such a motion will change accordingly. The sliding of a particle in a plane will be a partial case of sliding on a wavy surface when the amplitude of the sinusoid is equal to zero. When the wavy surface oscillates and all its points describe circles, the motion of the technological material changes significantly. The regularities of the motion of material particles on such a surface during its circular translational oscillations in the horizontal planes are investigated in the article. Differential equations of relative particle displacement are compiled and solved by numerical methods. The trajectories of the particle sliding on the surface and the graphs of its reaction are constructed. A partial case of a surface is a plane, and the sliding trajectory of a particle is a circle. An analytical expression to determine its radius is found. During circular oscillations of a wavy linear surface with a cross section in the form of a sinusoid relative trajectory of a particle after stabilization of the motion can be closed or periodic spatial curves. To avoid the breakaway of the particle from the surface, the oscillation mode should be set, which takes into account the shape of the surface and the kinematic parameters of oscillations. With the diameter of the circle, which is described by all points of the surface during its oscillation, is equal to the period of the sinusoid, the trajectory of the relative motion of the particle can be a periodic curve. In this case, the particle moves in a direction close to the transverse, overcoming depressions and ridges. In other cases, the trajectory is a closed spatial curve, the horizontal projection of which is close to a circle. The found analytical dependencies allow determining the influence of structural and technological parameters of the surface on the trajectory of the particle.

  • Keywords particle, wavy surface, circular vibrations, differential equations, kinematic parameters
  • Viewed: 9 Dowloaded: 1
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  • References

    Література

    1. Nguyen V.X., Golikov N.S. Analysis of material particle motion and optimizing parameters of vibration of two-mass GZS vibratory feeder. Journal of Physics Conference Series. 1015(5):052020. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1015/5/052020.

    2. Pylypaka S., Klendiy M., Zaharova T. Movement of the particle on the external surface of the cylinder, which makes the translational oscillations in horizontal planes / In: Ivanov V. et al. (eds). Advances in Design, Simulation and Manufacturing. DSMIE 2019. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Cham. 2019. P. 336–345. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93587-4_35.

    3. Matveev A.I., Lebedev I.F., Nikiforova L.V., Yakovlev B.V. Modeling of the particles movement in a screw pneumatic separator. Mining Information and Analytical Bulletin. 2014. № 10. P. 172–178.

    4. Determination of interaction parameters and grain material flow motion on screw conveyor elastic sec- tion surface / Hevko R., Zalutskyi S., Hladyo Y., Tkachenko I., Lyashuk O., Pavlov O., Pohrishchuk B., Trokhaniak O., Dobizha N. INMATEH–Agricultural Engineering. 2019. № 57(1). P. 123–134.

    5. Kresan T.A. Розрахунок гравітаційного спуску, утвореного поверхнею косого закритого гелікоїда. Техніка та енергетика. Machinery & Energetics. 2020. S.l, № 11(2). P. 49–57. DOI: 10.31548/machenergy2020.02.049.

    6. Kobets A., Ponomarenko N., Kharytonov M. Construction of centrifugal working device for mineral fertilizers spreadin. INMATEH – Agricultural Engineering. 2017. № 51(1). P. 5–14.

    7. Research of the of bulk material movement process in the inactive zone between screw sections / Tro- khaniak O., Hevko R, .Lyashuk O., Dovbush T., Pohrishchuk B., Dobizha N. INMATEH–Agricultural Engineering. № 60(1). P. 261–268.

    References

    1. Nguyen, V.X., & Golikov, N.S. (2018). Analysis of material particle motion and optimizing parameters of vibration of two-mass GZS vibratory feeder. Journal of Physics Conference Series, 1015(5), 052020. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1015/5/052020.

    2. Pylypaka, S., Klendiy, M., & Zaharova, T. (2019). Movement of the particle on the external surface of the cylinder, which makes the translational oscillations in horizontal planes. In: Ivanov V. et al. (eds) Advances in Design, Simulation and Manufacturing. DSMIE 2019. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Springer, Cham, 336–345. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93587-4_35.

    3. Matveev, A.I., Lebedev, I.F., Nikiforova, L.V., & Yakovlev, B.V. (2014). Modeling of the particles movement in a screw pneumatic separator. Mining Information and Analytical Bulletin, 10, 172–178.

    4. Hevko, R., Zalutskyi, S., Hladyo, Y., Tkachenko, I., Lyashuk, O., Pavlov, O., Pohrishchuk, B., Trokha- niak, O., & Dobizha, N. (2019). Determination of interaction parameters and grain material flow motion on screw conveyor elastic section surface. INMATEH–Agricultural Engineering, 57(1), 123–134.

    5. Kresan, T.A. (2020). Rozrakhunok hravitatsiinoho spusku, utvorenoho poverkhneiu kosoho zakrytoho helikoida. Tekhnika ta enerhetyka. Machinery & Energetics, S.l, 11(2), 49–57. DOI: 10.31548/machenergy2020.02.049.

    6. Kobets, A., Ponomarenko, N., & Kharytonov, M. (2017). Construction of centrifugal working device for mineral fertilizers spreading. INMATEH – Agricultural Engineering, 51(1), 5–14.

    7. Trokhaniak, O., Hevko, R., Lyashuk, O., Dovbush, T., Pohrishchuk, B., & Dobizha, N. (2020). Re- search of the of bulk material movement process in the inactive zone between screw sections. INMATEH – Agricultural Engineering, 60(1), 261–268.

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